Commercial Pilot Certificate

A commercial pilot certificate allows you to carry persons or property for compensation.

The following are current FAA requirements for receiving a commercial pilot certificate.

  • Hold at least a private pilot certificate.
  • Be at least 18 years old when you take your practical test (check-ride).
  • Be able to read, speak, write and understand the English language.
  • Pass the FAA computer-based exam, which consists of multiple‑choice questions.
  • Pass the practical test (check-ride) with an FAA Inspector or Designated Examiner.

For a commercial pilot certificate with an airplane category and single engine class rating, you must log at least 250 hours of total flight time, which must include:

  • 100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes.
  • 100 hours of pilot in command flight time, which includes at least 50 hours in airplanes and 50 hours of cross-country flight in airplanes.
  • 20 hours of training on the areas of operation as listed for this rating that includes:
    • At least 10 hours of instrument training, of which at least 5 hours must be in a single engine airplane.
    • 10 hours of training in an airplane that has retractable landing gear, flaps and a controllable pitch propeller, or is turbine-powered.
    • One cross-country flight of at least 2 hours in a single-engine airplane in day VFR conditions, consisting of a total straight-line distance of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of departure.
    • A cross-country flight of at least 2 hours in a single engine airplane at night VFR conditions, consisting of total straight-line distance of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of departure.
  • 10 hours of solo flight in a single-engine airplane, including:
    • One cross-country flight of not less than 300 nautical miles total distance and as specified
    • 5 hours in night VFR conditions with 10 takeoffs and landings at an airport with an operating control tower.
  • 3 hours in a single-engine airplane in preparation for the practical test within the 60 days preceding the test.

Click here for more information on commercial pilot regulations.

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